Krasnoyarsk is an economic, cultural, and business centre of Central and East Siberia, an administrative centre of Krasnoyarsk Territory (which is the second largest federal subject of Russia).
Territory. Krasnoyarsk is divided in seven districts: Tsentralny, Sverdlovsky, Zheleznoforozhny, Kirovsky, Leninsky, Sovetsky, and Oktyabrsky.
Population. An overall population of the urban area of Krasnoyarsk amounts to 1,036,569 people (according to the data of Krasnoyarskstat as of January 1, 2014)
Location and significance. The city is located on the centre of Russia and occupies the territory on both sides of the Yenisey River. Krasnoyarsk is situated on the intercontinental routes crossing: motorway, railway, airway and waterway routes; this fact contributes to the development of business relations and increase in tourist flow.
History. Krasnoyarsk city was founded on August 19, 1628. A fort named Krasny Yar was constructed to protect south frontiers of the Yenisey county from attacks of nomad tribes.
A railway communication between the central part of the Russian Empire and Krasnoyrask was run in 1898, a year later – between Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk. This moment marked the beginning of the city’s growth and rampant development. Krasnoyarsk became the first city of Russia, where universal elementary education was introduced into the educational system in 1908. Since December 7, 1934 Krasnoyarsk is considered to be administrative and political centre of Krasnoyarsk Territory.
Sport. Krasnoyarsk is a sports city, where an infrastructure of places for doing sport and keeping a healthy lifestyle is actively developing. Year-round park Bobrovy Log and Tatyshev Park are very popular places for active citizens’ recreation.
Krasnoyarsk is the only city in the world, which representatives have become World Motorcycle Sport champions 21 times.
Krasnoyarsk was chosen to host the Winter Universiade 2019.
Notable people of the past and modern times. Voivode Andrey Dubenskoy, a founder of the Krasnoyarsk fort, Vasily Surikov, a famous Russian painter, Viktor Petrovich Astafyev, a Soviet and Russian writer, Dmitri Hvorostovsky, an opera singer. Sportsmen: Evgeny Ustyugov, a biathlete, Sergey I. Lomanov (coach) and his son Sergey S. Lomanov, bandy players, Evgeny Kegelev, a Paralympic champion, Aleksandr Tretyakov, a skeleton rider, Alexander Semin, an ice hockey player. And many, many other famous people born in Krasnoyarsk, whom all Russia is proud of.
Education. 150 thousand students undergo studies in the higher education institutions of Krasnoiyarsk. Among them, almost 40 thousand are students of the Siberian Federal University. The SFU unites 19 field-specific schools with more than three thousand professors, major part of whom are Doctors and Candidates of Science.
Science. More than fifty scientific organisations function in the capital of the region. Krasnoyarsk stopped being an industrial city and turned into one of the most powerful scientific centers of Siberia in the second half of the 20th century.
3 Krasnoyarsk landmarks are depicted on 10-rouble Russian banknotes issued in 1997: Communal bridge, Paraskeva Pyatnitsa (“Paraskevi of Iconium “) Chapel, and Krasnoyarsk Dam.